The principal pilgrimage point for Balinese Hindus, the Besakih Temple, finds itself placed high on the slopes of Mount Agung at Bali. The local people of Bali call this Mother Temple of Bali by the name of Pura Besikah. The name Besakih traces its origin from the snake Basuki which is featured in Hindu mythology. There is staggering number of people visiting this temple every year. Bali is well connected via air and all major carriers provide non stop flights to destination.
The holy Besikah temple remained untouched when a volcano erupted at MountAgung in1963 that destroyed the nearby villages. The lava missed the temple just by few meters. It was considered miraculous by the Balinese.Within this massive complex there are around 35 pura(temple) which spreads itself on the seven terraces. Owing to the three main gods of Hindu mythology, Bramha, Vishnu and Shiva, it is divided into three parts. The one painted black is for Vishnu, white for Shiva and the red one dedicated to Brahma. Besikah is mostly an open air affair made up of many courtyards consisting of altars and shrines that are devoted to various gods. This temple is considered to be sacred and people regardless of any caste and class can worship.
Pura Besikah dates back to prehistoric times in Bali. In 15th century, it was honored as state temple by Geigel-Kiungkung dynasty. The rulers of this dynasty then built up several small temples in the courtyard in honor of their defied kin. It still continues to be a state temple supported and funded by the provincial and national governments.
The temple’s anniversary, Odolan is something one would marvel at. The elaborately decorated temple looks extremely spectacular. In addition, Pura Besikah also serves to be as a prestigious venue for the important festival Eka Das Rudra taking place over 100 years. Paca Wali Krama is a ceremony that is celebrated every 10 years. Betara Turun Kabeh is the festival which is celebrated every year.
Unlike the other glamorous destinations of Bali, you will find a serene and peaceful atmosphere at Pura Besikah and feel blessed.